p32. [17] in 1965, however, accumulating differences between the French government of Charles de Gaulle and the other member states on various subjects (British entry, direct elections to Parliament, the Fouchet Plan and the budget) triggered the "empty chair" crisis, ostensibly over proposals for the Common Agricultural Policy. Căutați membri. [2] Commissioners are supported by their personal cabinet who give them political guidance, while the Civil Service (the DGs, see below) deal with technical preparation. Analysis of current practice and proposals for tackling mismanagement, irregularities, and fraud. [31] However, the Santer Commission did carry out work on the Treaty of Amsterdam and the euro. [33][34] Powers were strengthened again; the Treaty of Nice, signed in 2001, gave the Presidents more power over the composition of their Commissions. La Commissione europea è l'organo esecutivo dell'UE. La Commissione europea ha approvato un quarto contratto con le società farmaceutiche BioNTech e Pfizer, che permetterà l'acquisto iniziale di 200 milioni di dosi per conto di tutti gli Stati membri dell'UE, con l'opzione di richiedere fino a 100 milioni di dosi ulteriori, che verranno fornite non appena saranno dimostrate la sicurezza e l'efficacia del vaccino contro la COVID-19. La CONT comprueba que los recursos se utilizan correctamente y que se alcanzan los objetivos políticos. You can read more about how EU laws are passed. Under the Treaty of Nice, the first Commission to be appointed after the number of member states reached 27 would have to be reduced to "less than the number of Member States". Tenga la bondad de tomarse unos minutos en completar nuestra breve encuesta al final de su visita. Once the team is approved by parliament, it is formally put into office by the European Council (TEU Article 17:7). [50][51] The governmental powers of the Commission have been such that some, including former Belgian Prime Minister Guy Verhofstadt, have suggested changing its name to the "European Government", calling the present name of the Commission "ridiculous". Con la autorización de quienes visiten nuestro sitio web, utilizaremos cookies de AT Internet para generar datos agregados y anónimos sobre su navegación y comportamiento en él. Los Comités y los Grupos se encargan del trabajo preparatorio de los expedientes antes de que se debatan las en reuniones del Consejo. El Servicio de Prensa celebra ruedas de prensa, ofrece cobertura audiovisual de los actos importantes y proporciona instalaciones para los periodistas. [67] Before the commission can assume office, the college as a whole must be approved by the Parliament. El mandato del presidente del Consejo Europeo, de dos años y medio de duración, es renovable una sola vez. In particular the commission has a duty to ensure the treaties and law are upheld, potentially by taking member states or other institutions to the Court of Justice in a dispute. The single largest DG is the Directorate-General for Translation, with a 2309-strong staff, while the largest group by nationality is Belgian (18.7%), probably due to a majority (17,664) of staff being based in the country. Peterson, John and Michael Shackelton (2006) "Institutions of European Union" p152. Fue en la cumbre europea de París en febrero de 1974 cuando se decidió que estas reuniones de Jefes de Estado o de Gobierno se celebrarían en lo sucesivo regularmente y adoptarían el nombre de "Consejo Europeo" para permitir un enfoque global de los problemas de la construcción europea y garantizar la cohesión del conjunto de las actividades comunitarias. ECHA works closely with the European Union Member States and the European Economic Area (EEA) countries Norway, Iceland and Liechtenstein. Su mandato durará cinco años, desde la fecha en que finaliza el mandato de la actual Comisión hasta el 31 de octubre de 2024. It makes proposals for laws that are sent to the European Parliament and Council of the European Union for approval. I negoziati prendono parecchio tempo, perché la mole della legislazione europea che i paesi candidati devono recepire nel loro ordinamento nazionale è considerevole. [93], Even though democratic structures and methods are changing there is not such a mirror in creating a European civil society. [94] The Treaty of Lisbon may go some way to resolving the perceived deficit in creating greater democratic controls on the commission, including enshrining the procedure of linking elections to the selection of the Commission president. [18] The Rey Commission completed the Community's customs union in 1968, and campaigned for a more powerful, elected, European Parliament. La Commissione europea potenzia il quadro normativo per gli aiuti di Stato ... mano agli Stati membri si è ulteriormente ampliato e contempla misure per garantire la liquidità, sostegno ai lavoratori e incentivi per la produzione di dispositivi utili a combattere la diffusione del virus e a curarlo. Pagini din categoria „Liste despre membrii Parlamentului European” Următoarele 73 pagini aparțin acestei categorii, dintr-un total de 73. [15], Louis Armand led the first Commission of Euratom. Ciertas cookies sirven para obtener estadísticas agregadas sobre las visitas al sitio web, que nos ayudan a seguir mejorando el sitio y atender mejor a las necesidades de quienes lo visitan. Asimismo, el Consejo Europeo ha celebrado la decisión de los jefes de Estado o de Gobierno de los Estados miembros cuya moneda es el euro de designar a Charles Michel presidente de la Cumbre del Euro para el mismo periodo. These frauds were revealed by an internal auditor, Paul van Buitenen.[29][30]. Lisbon also combined the posts of European Commissioner for External Relations with the council's High Representative for the Common Foreign and Security Policy. It takes place every weekday in the commission's press room at the Berlaymont where journalists may ask questions of Commission officials on any topic and legitimately expect to get an "on the record" answer for live TV. It does this through the member states or through its agencies. Relocation of the UK-based EU agencies. In 1958, the Treaties of Rome had established two new communities alongside the ECSC: the European Economic Community (EEC) and the European Atomic Energy Community (Euratom). While that figure may be higher than that of some national elections, including the off-year elections of the United States Congress, the fact that there are no direct elections for the position of commission president calls the position's legitimacy into question in the eyes of some Eurosceptics. Inoltre, il Kirgisistan è diventato membro nel 2004; il Cile nel 2005; la Repubblica di Corea e il Montenegro nel 2006; il Marocco e l'Algeria nel 2007; Israele nel 2008, Peru e Brasile nel 2009, la Tunisia e Messico nel 2010, Kazakistan nel 2011, Stati Uniti nel 2013, Kosovo nel 2014, Costa Rica nel 2016 e Canada nel 2019. [39] The Treaty of Lisbon, which came into force on 1 December 2009, mandated a reduction of the number of commissioners to two-thirds of member-states from 2014 unless the Council decided otherwise. [57] Under the Lisbon Treaty, EU citizens are also able to request the commission to legislate in an area via a petition carrying one million signatures, but this is not binding. [25], The Commission headed by Jacques Delors was seen as giving the Community a sense of direction and dynamism. She submitted the guidelines of her policy for 2019–2024 to the European Parliament on 16 July 2019, following her confirmation. [14], José Manuel Barroso became president in 2004: the Parliament once again asserted itself in objecting to the proposed membership of the Barroso Commission. However their executives were called "Commissions" rather than "High Authorities". Más información sobre el cometido del Consejo Europeo, envíe su solicitud al servicio de información al público. Little heed was taken of his administration at first but, with help from the European Court of Justice, his Commission stamped its authority solidly enough to allow future Commissions to be taken more seriously. [18][22] The external representation of the Community took a step forward when President Roy Jenkins, recruited to the presidency in January 1977 from his role as Home Secretary of the United Kingdom's Labour government,[23] became the first President to attend a G8 summit on behalf of the Community. [86], It has been noted by one researcher that the press releases issued by the commission are uniquely political. [47] The rules of procedure of the European Commission set out the commission's operation and organisation. Some states, such as France, expressed reservations over the power of the High Authority, and wished to limit it by giving more power to the Council rather than the new executives. También conocido informalmente como el Consejo de la UE, es el foro donde se reúnen los ministros nacionales de los países de la UE para adoptar la legislación y coordinar las políticas. [10], There has been criticism from a number of people that the highly fragmented DG structure wastes a considerable amount of time in turf wars as the different departments and Commissioners compete with each other. — L'autorità competente dello Stato membro che necessita di assistenza trasmette una notifica agli Stati membri e alla Commissione europea tramite il SARR. Ultime notizie, link ai documenti e video delle riunioni delle commissioni. [82] The rules of procedure of the European Commission set out the commission's operation and organisation. Walter Hallstein led the first Commission of the EEC, holding the first formal meeting on 16 January 1958 at the Château of Val-Duchesse. El Consejo de la UE y el Consejo Europeo trabajan en una amplia gama de temas que interesan a la UE y a sus ciudadanos. What does the European Commission do? Dati sugli Stati membri dell'UE. In the end, a centre-right candidate was chosen: José Manuel Barroso of the European People's Party. Rimani informato sulle notizie dall'Europa e … I membri della Commissione sono attualmente in numero pari a quello degli Stati membri, ma a causa dell’aumento di quest’ultimi, l’art. Originating in 1951 as the High Authority in the European Coal and Steel Community, the commission has undergone numerous changes in power and composition under various presidents, involving three Communities. A commissioner's portfolio can be supported by numerous DGs; they prepare proposals for them and if approved by a majority of commissioners proposals go forward to the Parliament and Council for consideration. Los funcionarios del Servicio de Prensa hablan extraoficialmente sobre las actividades del Consejo. A release often goes through several stages of drafting which emphasises the role of the commission and is used "for justifying the EU and the commission" increasing their length and complexity. However the more capable the candidate is, the more likely the Commission President will assign them a powerful portfolio, the distribution of which is entirely at his or her discretion. (int'l edition)", "Auditor blames politicians for EC waste and corruption", "Guido Strack – the downfall of a whistleblower", "Paul van Buitenen: Alleged irregularities in OLAF", "Rejection may undermine EU's effectiveness, warns Swedish premier", Czechs prepare for possible second Irish No, "Brussels European Council 21/22 June 2007: Presidency Conclusions", "European Commission press release of 9 September 2019", "Interview with European Commission Secretary-General Catherine Day", "Implementing powers of the Council of the European Union", "Evolution of the European Council: The implications of a permanent seat", "Executive Power in the New European Constitution", "The Citizens' Right of Initiative in the European Constitution: A Second Chance for Democracy", "EU/China/US climate survey shows public optimism about reversing climate change", "Brussels European Council, Presidency Conclusions", "Portuguese premier wants to unite bloc: Barroso nominated to head EU executive", "Portugal's Prime Minister Barroso nominated as European Commission president", "José Manuel Durão Barroso: The New Commission President", "Nomination of Commission President handled 'in a most unsatisfactory way, "Statement by the President-designate of the Commission", "EU commission sees civil servants' power grow", "[Comment] Power is slipping from the commission to the council", "La Commission européenne a une nouvelle secrétaire générale", "Former EU Mandarin Spills the Beans on Commission Intrigue", "EU carefully manages PR through 1000s of press releases", "The peculiar world of the European Union", "Search result in Rapid, the European Commission's press database, 1 January 2010 to 31 December 2010 and 1 January 2011 to 31 December 2011", "As the E.U. Eurosceptics have therefore raised the concern of the relatively low turnout (often less than 50%) in elections for the European Parliament since 1999. Committee of Independent Experts, 1999", "The resignation of the Santer-Commission: the impact of 'trust' and 'reputation, "Discover the former Presidents: The Santer Commission", "Prodi to Have Wide, New Powers as Head of the European Commission", "Commentary: Romano Prodi: Europe's First Prime Minister? Lascia questo campo vuoto se sei umano: Europa Business School. However, according to the treaties it still has to be fewer than the total number of members, thus it was proposed that the member state that does not get a Commissioner would get the post of High Representative – the so-called 26+1 formula. [45], The commission was set up from the start to act as an independent supranational authority separate from governments; it has been described as "the only body paid to think European". La Commissione inoltre vigila sulla corretta applicazione del diritto europeo da parte dei singoli stati membri. Utilizamos cookies para asegurarnos de que tenga usted la mejor experiencia de navegación posible en el sitio web del Consejo. [84] The number of Commission press releases shows a decreasing trend. COMMISSIONE EUROPEA Bruxelles, 25.3.2020 C(2020) 1981 final COMUNICAZIONE DELLA COMMISSIONE Orientamenti agli Stati membri per quanto riguarda gli investimenti esteri diretti e la libera circolazione dei capitali provenienti da paesi terzi, nonché la protezione delle Following their appointment, the President appoints a number of Vice-Presidents (the High Representative is mandated to be one of them) from among the commissioners. Alăturați-vă la navlosire. [97] In 2010 the commission was sued for blocking access to documents on EU biofuel policy. [10], Before the Treaty of Lisbon came into force, the executive power of the EU was held by the council: it conferred on the Commission such powers for it to exercise. [42][43] The treaty further provides that the most recent European elections should be "taken into account" when appointing the commission, although the President is still proposed by the European Council; the European Parliament "elects" the commission, rather than "approves" it as under the Treaty of Nice.[42]. Más información sobre la labor del Consejo. [66], The commission is composed of a college of "Commissioners" of 27 members, including the President and vice-presidents. La Commissione europea ha comprato i vaccini per tutti i 27 Paesi membri. "[44], In 2019, Ursula von der Leyen was appointed as the next President of the European Commission. [69] Another example is the Competition Commissioner, who holds a highly visible position with global reach. Coordinates: .mw-parser-output .geo-default,.mw-parser-output .geo-dms,.mw-parser-output .geo-dec{display:inline}.mw-parser-output .geo-nondefault,.mw-parser-output .geo-multi-punct{display:none}.mw-parser-output .longitude,.mw-parser-output .latitude{white-space:nowrap}50°50′37″N 4°22′58″E / 50.84361°N 4.38278°E / 50.84361; 4.38278, For members of the current Commission, see, Commission of the European Atomic Energy Community, High Authority of the European Coal and Steel Community, Commission of the European Economic Community, Hix, Simon (1999) "The political system of the European Union" MacMillan, Basingstoke. La Commissione inizia e attua le decisioni, il Consiglio dell'Unione europea e il Parlamento europeo adottano la legislazione e i bilanci, il Consiglio europeo stabilisce gli orientamenti politici. Geschichtswissenschaftliche Perspektiven", "EU citizens complain about lack of transparency, 2009", "EU sued over lack of transparency, 2010", "Special Report – Europe finds politics and biofuels don't mix, 2010", "Analysis: EU Commission expenses highlight lack of transparency in Brussels, 2011", "/EU Commission Expenses: Cocktail parties, private jets, luxury away-days and limousines, 2011", "Ex-commissioners face conflict of interest accusations, 2010", "Be careful what you write, Eurocrats told", "The EU and Microsoft's 20-year marriage", "European anti-terrorism package prioritizes CBRN preparedness, expert says", "World Leaders Join to Pledge $8 Billion for Vaccine as U.S. As Parliament cannot vote against individual Commissioners there is usually a compromise whereby the worst candidates are removed but minor objections are put aside so the commission can take office. Otras se utilizan para optimizar nuestro sitio web y garantizar su seguridad. Following Santer, Romano Prodi took office. El Consejo de la Unión Europea. La Secretaría General del Consejo es un órgano administrativo encargado de asistir al Consejo Europeo y al Consejo de la UE. El Consejo Europeo reúne a los dirigentes de la UE como mínimo 4 veces al año. The term Commission is variously used, either in the narrow sense of the 27-member College of Commissioners (or College) or to also include the administrative body of about 32,000 European civil servants who are split into departments called directorates-general and services. Appointment. The President's team is then subject to hearings at the European Parliament which will question them and then vote on their suitability as a whole. Originating in 1951 as the High Authority in the European Coal and Steel Community, the commission has undergone numerous changes in power and composition under various presidents, involving three Communities. La Commissione Europea ha approvato la fusione dei gruppi automobilistici FCA, proprietario di Fiat e Chrysler, e PSA, che controlla Peugeot, Citroën e Opel. [14], The Malfatti and Mansholt Commissions followed with work on monetary co-operation and the first enlargement to the north in 1973. [2][81] The Commission's civil service is headed by a Secretary General. In 2014, Jean-Claude Juncker became President of the European Commission. [100][101][102][103] It has also been criticised on IT-related issues, particularly with regard to Microsoft. There is one journalist covering EU news for Latvia and none for Lithuania. La valutazione della Commissione europea ha portato all’identificazione dei diversi livelli di impegno per ogni Stato membro, sulla cui base la Commissione europea ha presentato raccomandazioni concrete agli Stati membri per la redazione dei loro piani strategici della PAC, assicurando un collegamento con l’ambizione del Green Deal europeo. [2], Through Article 17 of the Treaty on European Union the commission has several responsibilities: to develop medium-term strategies; to draft legislation and arbitrate in the legislative process; to represent the EU in trade negotiations; to make rules and regulations, for example in competition policy; to draw up the budget of the European Union; and to scrutinise the implementation of the treaties and legislation. Frans Timmermans Better Regulation, Inter-Institutional Relations, the Rule of Law and the Charter of Fundamental Rights Mission Letter Federica Mogherini Danimarca. ALĂTURAŢI-VĂ MIILOR DE ORGANIZAȚII EUROPENE, ASOCIAȚII ȘI COMPANII PENTRU A SALVA VIEȚI. [95] From this viewpoint, electoral pressures would undermine the commission's role as an independent regulator. 78K likes. È il principale organo esecutivo dell'Unione europea ed è composta da un Collegio di membri comprendente un Commissario per ogni Stato membro. Juncker appointed his previous campaign director and head of the transition team, Martin Selmayr, as his chief of cabinet. Even though each member is nominated on the basis of the suggestions made by the national governments, one per state, they do not represent their state in the commission. La [67] In practice, however, they do occasionally press for their national interest. Coerenza con le disposizioni vigenti Questa iniziativa contribuisce all'ambizione espressa a Roma nel marzo 2017 dai 27 Stati membri e Más información sobre la suscripción a Scribd europea de competencia, junto con las autoridades nacionales. Membership would rotate equally and no member state would have more than one Commissioner. Tutti gli Stati membri del Consiglio d'Europa hanno aderito alla Commissione di Venezia. [68] Once proposed, the President delegates portfolios among each of the members. Thus, the Commission often proposes stricter legislation than other countries. It took office first on 10 August 1952 in Luxembourg City. The commission also operates out of numerous other buildings in Brussels and Luxembourg. [40][41] This guarantee (which may find its way into the next treaty amendment, probably in an accession treaty) contributed to the Irish approving the treaty in a second referendum in 2009. Personale. Tipul . Pagina principale delle commissioni del Parlamento europeo. Within the EU, the legitimacy of the commission is mainly drawn from the vote of approval that is required from the European Parliament, along with its power to dismiss the body. If members of the team are found to be too inappropriate, the President must then reshuffle the team or request a new candidate from the member state or risk the whole Commission being voted down. Ultima editare a paginii a fost efectuată la 27 mai 2020, ora 04:07. Goes It Alone", "After 13 years of hold-ups and incompetence, the EU's 'Berlaymonster' rises like a phoenix", Access to documents of the European Commission, High Authority of the Coal and Steel Community, Commission of the Atomic Energy Community, Table of European Commission Directorates-General and Services, Employment, Social Affairs and Equal Inclusion, Neighborhood and Enlargement Negotiations, Infrastructures and Logistics (Brussels & Luxembourg), European Coal and Steel Community (1951–2002), European Economic Community (1958–1993/2009), Mechanism for Cooperation and Verification, Cities with more than 100,000 inhabitants, Largest cities by population within city limits, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=European_Commission&oldid=993994379, Short description is different from Wikidata, Articles containing Bulgarian-language text, Articles containing Croatian-language text, Articles containing explicitly cited English-language text, Articles containing Estonian-language text, Articles containing Finnish-language text, Articles containing Hungarian-language text, Articles containing Italian-language text, Articles containing Latvian-language text, Articles containing Lithuanian-language text, Articles containing Maltese-language text, Articles containing Portuguese-language text, Articles containing Romanian-language text, Articles containing Slovene-language text, Articles containing Spanish-language text, Articles containing Swedish-language text, Pages using collapsible list with both background and text-align in titlestyle, Wikipedia articles with SUDOC identifiers, Wikipedia articles with Trove identifiers, Wikipedia articles with WORLDCATID identifiers, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 13 December 2020, at 16:28. [80] There has also been a greater degree of politicisation within the Commission. [8] The Council of the European Union then nominates the other members of the Commission in agreement with the nominated President, and the 27 members as a single body are then subject to a vote of approval by the European Parliament. Una decisione tempestiva consentirà di mettere a disposizione subito i finanziamenti e di agire dove è più urgente farlo. Capitale: Copenaghen; Lingue ufficiali dell’UE: danese; Membro dell'UE: dal 1º gennaio 1973; Valuta: corona danese DKK.La Danimarca ha negoziato una clausola di esenzione dall’euro e quindi non è obbligata a introdurlo.